Infant immunization is a vaccination program that aims to provide protection against infectious diseases in infants and children. Immunization is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of infectious diseases that can cause serious complications or even death. One of the mandatory immunizations is the polio vaccine.
Polio immunization is very important for infants and should not be missed. The following is about polio immunization that parents should know.
What is polio immunization?
A vaccine to prevent polio disease. The polio vaccine is one of the vaccines for infants required by the government. Usually, this polio vaccine is given together with hiB, DPT and hepatitis B vaccines.
Benefits of polio immunization
The purpose of polio immunization is for babies to gain immunity to polio disease. Polio or poliomyelitis is a disease that comes from a contagious virus. It infects the body's nervous system causing paralysis and death. Polio mostly affects children under the age of 5 years. Polio is incurable but can be prevented early on by providing complete polio immunization.
Polio does not show specific symptoms. Generally, the symptoms of polio are similar to having the flu for 2-3 days. Then the symptoms continue with fever, headache, sore throat, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain and muscle pain. The more severe a person has polio, the more extreme the symptoms will be. Such as pain in the neck, piercing tingling, seizures, decreased reflexes to weakened muscles.
Types of polio immunization
There are two types of polio vaccines: injectable polio vaccine (IPV) and oral polio vaccine (OPV). The Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) uses a weakened polio virus and is given by dropping it into the mouth of the child. The injectable polio vaccine (IPV) uses the inactivated (dead) polio virus and is given by injection in the arm or thigh of the child.
How many polio immunizations
WHO recommends a combination of 4 doses of drip polio immunization and 2 doses of injectable polio immunization. The dose of polio vaccine for children is 0.5 ml. The first dose is given to newborns in drops (oral polio vaccine). Then, the next vaccine IPV is recommended to be given twice before the age of 1 year. The second dose of IPV is given at 9 months of age simultaneously with measles-rubella immunization.
How old is polio immunization
Polio vaccine drops are given 4 times at the age of 1,2,3,4 months. The injectable polio vaccine is given once when the baby is 4 months old. While children who have not received the polio vaccine at all, must be completed immediately for 5 immunizations. Children can also get a booster vaccine at the age of 18-24 months and 5 years.
Side effects of polio immunization
Each vaccine has different effects on each child. It is possible that this polio vaccine has side effects. Among them are pain at the injection site, mild fever after immunization and hardening of the skin in the injection area. However, these side effects will disappear on their own after 2-3 days. So, moms and dads don't need to worry.
During immunization, make sure your little one uses comfortable diapers, moms and dads. MAKUKU Dry Care, a soft diaper with SAP + pulp technology that is affordable. Besides being soft, MAKUKU Dry Care also has good absorbency, long-lasting dry diapers, has 3 layers of air circulation and elastic waist design. The capacity of the diaper is 400 ml.
Well, that's about polio immunization and its importance for your little one. So, moms and dads must pay attention to when your little one's schedule is immunized so that their growth and development is optimal and their health is maintained. (Aq / MKK)