Teething is one of the important milestones for children which indicates that their development is appropriate. Teething babies can make it easier to eat solid foods. However, the growth of teeth in each baby is different. For this reason, parents must know the characteristics of a baby growing teeth.
In general, teething babies begin to appear in their first year. But there are also newborns who already have teeth, although this is rare. According to the American Dental Association, generally a baby's first baby teeth erupt at the age of 6-9 months. There are also baby teeth that grow faster at the age of 3-4 months. If at the age of six months the baby has not shown signs of teething, don't worry because the first teething occurs in the span of 3-12 months.
Each baby has its own way and speed of growth and development, including the growth of its teeth, which is influenced by the adequacy of the body's nutrition and the genetics of its parents. The growth of baby teeth goes through 3 phases, namely the primary dentition phase, the mixed phase of primary and permanent teeth and the permanent dentition phase. Babies need about 2 years until the baby's milk teeth are complete since their first teeth erupt. Meanwhile, the stages of baby teeth growth according to their age are as follows:
- Age 5-7 months: Lower front incisors.
- Age 6-8 months: Front upper incisors.
- Age 9-11 months: Side incisors.
- Age 12-16 months: First molars.
- Age 16-20 months: Canines.
- Age 20-30 months: Second molars.
Characteristics of teething babies that need to be known
Symptoms of a baby teething can appear together with a decrease in the baby's immunity. so that at the same time, babies are susceptible to other diseases such as minor infections. So, instead of mom and dad being confused, here are the characteristics of a baby growing teeth that you must know:
Signs that a baby is teething will usually appear to be drooling or drooling frequently. But there's no need to worry because this is normal. Mom and dad have to keep the cleanliness around your little one's mouth because babies who grow teeth that secrete excess saliva can cause rashes around the mouth to the neck due to bacteria.
Coughing and vomiting
Excessive saliva can make your little one choke when he is about to swallow. This is why your little one often coughs or even vomits during the teething process.
If your little one has been crying a lot lately, try to check whether your little one is teething or not. It could be that your little one is more fussy than usual due to the teething process and crying is a way for your little one to communicate pain and discomfort.
It's hard to sleep well at night
Being fussy during teething can make it difficult for your little one to sleep soundly at night. It should be noted that teeth growth in children occurs more actively at night.
Likes to pull ears or scratch cheeks
One of the characteristics of a baby who wants to grow teeth is like pulling their ears or scratching their cheeks. This is because the process of teething in babies causes discomfort, pain and itching.
Nice to bite
When it's about to grow its first teeth, your little one will have new habits like happy to bite any object. This habit arises due to pressure from the gums which makes the baby uncomfortable. So, a baby who often bites things is a sign that the baby is teething to relieve pain.
Putting hand to mouth
Apart from being happy to bite things around them, babies who are teething have signs such as often putting their hands in their mouths. This habit is almost the same as the happy habit of biting. Putting your hand in your mouth can help relieve pain from the teething process.
A painful process for babies during the teething process is swollen and reddish gums. From the swollen gums you can also see whitish signs of growing teeth.
Not wanting to eat or suckle
When teething, children will feel discomfort due to swollen gums because the teeth are trying to come out through the gums. It's no wonder that this pain makes your little one's appetite less and refuses to breastfeed. So, moms and dads who are patient with your little one have difficulty eating during the teething process.
Sometimes when your little one is teething it can also be accompanied by symptoms of fever. However, that doesn't mean all teething babies have a fever. Fever that occurs when teething is usually the body temperature is not high or not more than 39 degrees Celsius.
How to deal with a teething baby
As long as the baby grows teeth, what parents need in dealing with their little one is patience. Giving extra attention and affection to your little one can help distract your little one from pain. Meanwhile, there are also things that can be done to help relieve pain and discomfort due to teething, including:
- Ensuring that your little one's fluid needs are maintained and his body is hydrated. Given that babies who are teething produce a lot of saliva to replace lost fluids.
- Give your little one a teether as a medium for biting.
- Give a soft rub on the baby's gums with clean hands.
- For children who have received solid food, foods such as cold fruit can be given to provide a comfortable sensation when the gums are swollen.
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